Author(s): Groupement d'étudiants de licence 3
Contributor: ENSA Nantes

Public areas, communal areas

How can we not pronounce “sub-urb” and think about a non-city, something that is no longer a city in-reality?”

The team “Lieux publics, lieux communs 2014” (Public areas, communal areas 2014), presents the research and production of a group of third year students from the Nantes école nationale supérieure d’architecture on the grounds of the intra-peripheral city.

The “new metropolitan suburbs” make up the ordinary territories over which landscapes that have become characteristics of French urban spaces superimpose: wide communities, commercial areas, sprawling suburbs, and natural spaces… Both sites of the Nantes metropolis studied: Naudières-Chézine and Breil-Malville typify these territories. These “new metropolitan suburbs” constitute our front line; put at the front of the stage by the phenomenon of urban sprawling, they are priorities that generate important potentialities for the application of committed architectures.

We analysed the situation of these territories and projected their mutation. A precise contextual analysis focusing on the use of the locations allowed us to reveal the riches, potentialities and challenges of these areas in a first while, then we established an overall plan of urban transformations using these same perimeters.

Public facilities, a vector of urbanity

Starting from propositions at national scale, we reflected on the programming of new public facilities by making the hypothesis that they represent levers, vectoring a new or revitalised urbanity.

The question is no longer to build the “large public commission” but rather to generate, from the surveying, analysis and encounters on site, new uses, new centralities and a renewed identity in these areas.

To assume their urban character and break the single-functionality of the sites where they are implanted, these facilities develop from mixed programmes: The extension of a school and gymnasium, a cultural centre around a landscaped promenade, a neighbourhood library and restaurant and the development of community centres on an existing commercial centre.

From a micro-scale, they question the status of public spaces in a city, and ask the question of the architectural form and what it generates on the urban form. Transformations aimed at the metropolitan scale and elements of architectural details, the ambition of these projects consists in highlighting the territories studied in what is most ordinary about them.

Programme : questionner le statut de l'équipement public dans les faubourgs métropolitains