Author(s): HANROT Stéphane
Contributor: ENSA Marseille

Abandoned territories

At the ENSO-Marseilles, “workshops” resuscitate the ground-breaking experiences initiated by Alvin Boyarsky in England, Henry Sanoff in the United States and Giancarlo de Carlo in Italy.

Since 2006, the first ever workshop, “the republic of architects” is valorised by 4 credits in the Master 1 educational programme. All 120 students of the academic promotion are organised in teams of 10, each of which is supervised by a guest professional. Students discover collaborative conception – analysed in the thesis of J. Ineichen (2016) – , teamwork, conflict management and interplay between actors. Public institutions draw ideas for areas facing specific issues. Inhabitants see the commitment of a citizen’s debate.

Workshops in schools with the association Graines d’Archis in Marseille and Peypin demonstrated that primary and secondary school children were accessible to architecture through a pedagogical action on the territory where they lived and spatial project.

Extra-muros experimental WS allowed testing new educational methods with small groups of volunteer students. During Marseille European Capital for Culture 2013, we associated students in architecture, urban planning and landscaping in the WD “Estaque, an inhabited territory”. The micro-architecture project for inhabitants completed with the collectif Etc. – a repaired stair here, a bench built there – allowed for a mutual acculturation and the development of a collective intelligence of the territory.

The workshop “What future for the villages of Saint Geniez and Authon” in 2016 confirmed the above mentioned point and also allowed for an intensive immersion. On the occasion of a meal at the inhabitant’s place, the diversity of viewpoints on a same territory deeply affected the students who developed pertinent projects. The inhabitants claimed a symbiosis between agriculture and nature, an economic and residential diversification, attention to the densification as an alternative to a spread in suburban housing.

These workshops explored the encounter of descending institutional processes with that going upwards through citizens’ referral. They question the ethics of the project disciplines on the living conditions in a context marked by the economy of means, social tensions and necessary sustainable development.

Main topic : On-site workshop